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Osteoporosis is Serious

Joseph Coupal - Tuesday, December 05, 2017
Comprehensive Pain Management - Osteoporosis Treatment in South Kingstown, RI

Some 54 million Americans have osteoporosis or low bone mass, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. Yet, a disconcerting number of those who have experienced abnormal fractures – ones occurring after a fall from a standing position or less – do not equate these accidents to the state of their bone health.

“The findings from a recent Harris poll are especially worrisome. Ninety-six percent of the respondents who had not been diagnosed previously as having osteoporosis, but fell and broke a bone simply from a standing position, indicated they were never told by their physician that the problem may be due to bone disease.

Eight-two percent with abnormal fractures failed to identify them as potential signs of osteoporosis, which causes loss of bone mass and makes bones more fragile. Nearly half the respondents – both those diagnosed with osteoporosis and those not – blamed their fractures on clumsiness.

Osteoporosis is often called “the silent disease,” because it slowly weakens bones, especially in the hip, spine and wrists, without symptoms. Oftentimes, the problem is not diagnosed until a fracture has occurred. Although men can develop the disorder, postmenopausal women are more susceptible because of a decline in their estrogen levels. Estrogen plays an important role in maintaining bone density in women.

Besides gender, other osteoporosis risk factors include genetics and a family history of osteoporosis, advancing age, calcium and vitamin D deficiencies, smoking, certain disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, excessive alcohol consumption, low body weight and some medications, such as chemotherapeutic drugs.

Although patients worry more about cancer, heart disease and other serious health problems, osteoporosis can have a considerable impact on quality of life, causing pain, lost work time and disability. It can even lead to death.

There are statistics indicating as many as 30 percent of patients who sustain hip fractures due to their bone disease will require long-term nursing care; approximately 20 percent will die within a year due to complications indirectly stemming from the fracture.

Even more common than the broken hip bones are spinal fractures – often called vertebral compression fractures. Affecting some 700,000 patients annually, these fractures can be the first sign of osteoporosis. They occur when spinal vertebrae weaken from the bone disease, becoming flatter and more narrow and unable to withstand pressure. Even simple tasks like twisting or reaching for something can break these vertebrae in patients with osteoporosis.

Vertebral fractures result in sudden onset of back pain, especially when walking or standing; limited mobility; and even loss of height.

Vertebral compression fractures can be treated with a minimally invasive procedure called kyphoplasty, which can offer pain relief and halt the collapse of the spine of caught early. Patients can walk out after the procedure and feel immediate improvement. Most recommended approaches to treating osteoporosis involve lifestyle changes, which include weight-bearing exercises like walking and a balanced diet with foods rich in calcium and vitamin D; calcium supplements; and medications that either stop bone loss and increase bone strength or enhance bone formation.

Noting the adage, “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure,” here are some tips to maintain healthy bones:

  • Improve your diet. Eat plenty fruits and vegetables and increase calcium by consuming calcium-rich foods like dairy and dark green vegetables. Avoid too many products high in animal protein.
  • Make sure you get sufficient vitamin D.
  • Limit caffeinated drinks and decrease consumption of salty, processed foods.
  • Exercise.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Smile. A 2015 study indicates older women with a strong sense of well-being have greater bone density than their unsatisfied counterparts.

For more information on treating fractures caused by osteoporosis, contact Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingstown, RI.

Source: PR Web

Pain Management In Sports

Joseph Coupal - Friday, November 10, 2017
Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingstown, RI

We praise athletes, at every level, for their ability to compete, to dazzle, to perform under pressure, to inspire and — maybe most importantly — to win.

And when they fall down, when they tear, break or injure themselves, they promise to pick themselves back up, come back stronger than ever and carry their team to victory — thus solidifying their seemingly superhuman performance.

But what goes into recovery? How do athletes get better? And then how do they stay healthy?

Often, recovery — and general pain management in sports — involves medication.

On game day, many NFL players find themselves lining up to receive a shot of Toradol, Bleacher Report reported earlier this year. Toradol, or ketorolac, is described as a stronger and faster-acting version of Advil or Aleve.

One player told Bleacher Report that he had received a shot of Toradol before every game for the past "four or five years."

Persistent use of such medication could have long term effects, and it's not just a problem in professional sports. In 2013, a University of Michigan researcher found that "male adolescent athletes who participated in competitive sports across the three-year study period had two times greater odds of being prescribed painkillers during the past year and had four times greater odds of medically misusing painkillers (i.e., using them to get high and using them too much) when compared to males who did not participate in competitive sports."

The researcher also found that by the time high school athletes became seniors, approximately 11 percent had used narcotic pain relievers such as OxyContin or Vicodin for nonmedical purposes.

For more information on pain management in sports or after suffering a sports related injury, contact Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingstown, RI.

Source: NPR

Pain Management Specialist: What To Look For and What to Expect

Darren Kincaid - Friday, October 27, 2017
Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingstown, RI

The most important consideration in looking for a pain management specialist is to find someone who has the training and experience to help you with your particular pain problem. You also need to feel comfortable with them. Many types of chronic pain may require a complex treatment plan as well as specialized interventional techniques.

The widely accepted standard for pain management education today is a fellowship (training beyond residency) in pain management. Most fellowship programs are associated with anesthesiology residency training programs. There are also fellowship programs associated with neurology and physical medicine and rehabilitation residency programs. The fellowship consists of at least one year of training in all aspects of pain management after completion residency training. When a physician has become board certified in their primary specialty and has completed an accredited fellowship, they become eligible for subspecialty board certification in pain management by the American Board of Anesthesiology, The American Board of Psychiatry and The American

Board of Neurology, or the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. These three are the only board certifications in pain management recognized by the American College of Graduate Medical Education.

In addition to learning about your pain physicians training and board certification, you also should ask whether they have experience with your specific pain condition and what types of treatments they offer. Do they only perform procedures or do they use a multidisciplinary approach to pain management?

Who do they refer to for other treatment options such as surgery, psychological support or alternative therapies? How can they be reached if questions or problems arise? What is their overall philosophy of pain management?

How can I be referred to a pain management specialist?

The best way to be referred to a pain management specialist is through your primary care physician. Most pain physicians work closely with their patients' primary care physicians to insure good communication, which in turn helps provide the optimum treatment for their patients. Patients are also often referred by specialists who deal with different types of pain problems. Back surgeons, neurologists, cancer doctors, as well as other specialists usually work regularly with a pain physician and can refer you to one.

What should I expect during my first visit to a pain management specialist?

On your first visit to a pain management specialist, they will get to know you and begin to evaluate your particular pain problem. This will usually involve a detailed history, a physical exam and review of tests that you have had performed. The questions you are asked and the physical examination will focus on your particular problem, but your pain physician will want to know about past and current medical history as well.

Often you will be given a questionnaire before your first visit that will ask detailed questions about your pain problem, and you will probably be asked to bring any imaging studies (such as X-rays, computed tomography [CAT] scans, or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] scans) or other tests that have already been done. You should know before your first visit whether or not a procedure is anticipated. If so, you may need a driver to take you home.

Most importantly, this visit is an opportunity for your pain physician to begin to analyze all of this new information and discuss with you an initial assessment of your pain problem. He or she may know exactly what is causing your pain, or perhaps further diagnostic procedures will be needed. But no matter what type of problem you have, you should leave this first visit with a clearer understanding of your pain and the course of further evaluation and treatment that is planned.

For more information, contact Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingstown, RI.

Source: ASRA

Pain Management Clinics: What to Know

Joseph Coupal - Thursday, October 19, 2017
Comprehensive Pain Management - South Kingston, RI

At least 100 million Americans and more than 1.5 billion people worldwide live with chronic pain.

Most Americans with it say it's tough for them to sleep well at night and concentrate during the day. They also say it affects their energy levels and their enjoyment of life.

If pain is regular part of your life, a pain clinic may be able to help you.

What Is a Pain Clinic?

Pain management clinics are health care facilities that focus on the diagnosis and management of chronic pain. There are two kinds. One focuses on procedures to deal with specific types of pain, like neck and back pain.

The other, sometimes called an interdisciplinary clinic, takes an approach that looks at the whole person.

Often, the pain managment team may include:

  • Nurses and doctors
  • Psychologists
  • Physical therapists
  • Occupational and vocational therapists
  • Nutritionists and dietitians

In addition to medications, these clinics can help you manage pain with physical, behavioral, and psychological therapies.

They also may teach you about your pain, coach you on lifestyle changes, and offer complementary or alternative medicine. These can include:

  • Acupuncture
  • Biofeedback
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Water therapy
  • Massage
  • Meditation

What’s the Goal?

The goal is to decrease your pain and raise your quality of life. Treatment at a pain clinic can give you the skills to manage your chronic pain on your own and allow you to function better, possibly so that you may return to work.

Do They Work?

Multiple studies say folks who have comprehensive pain management have less pain and emotional distress. Research says people suffering from pain can do their daily tasks easier.

How Do I Find a Pain Clinic?

Ask your primary care doctor or specialist for a referral to Comprehensive Pain Management in Franklin, Warwick or South Kingston, RI. You can also:

  • Call your local hospital or medical center.
  • Get help from a local pain support group.
  • Search The Center to Advance Palliative Care for a list of providers in each state.

What Should I Look For?

Look for a clinic with a specialist who knows about your kind of pain. Ask if the doctor has had special training and is board certified in pain management.

As with other doctors, you should also try to find someone you feel comfortable with. Your pain management specialist will treat your pain and coordinate other care, including physical therapy, rehabilitation, and counseling.

A good pain program will work with you and your family to create a plan based on your goals. It will monitor your progress and tell you how you’re doing.

What Else Should You Ask?

Be sure to ask what kind of therapies and treatments a clinic offers. You can also see if they organize support groups.

A pain clinic should focus on the person, not the pain.

For more information on comprehensive pain management, contact Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingstown, RI.

Source: Web MD

Back Pain Treatment: Non-Surgical Options

Joseph Coupal - Friday, October 06, 2017
Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingston, RI

Prior to starting any type of treatment, it is always important to see an appropriately trained doctor or pain specialist to develop an appropriate treatment program for your specific condition and medical history.

The main goals for managing back pain in the lumbar spine (lower back) usually include:

  • Providing enough pain relief to be able to actively participate with physical therapy and rehabilitation
  • Preventing further injury or stress to the spine through improved ergonomics and posture
  • Maintaining an ability to function enough at home and at work

Non-Surgical Back Pain Treatments

There are a wide variety of non-surgical options for back pain treatment of the lumbar spine. The more common treatment approaches include:

Pain medication. Typical pain medications used to treat the lower back pain include acetaminophen, NSAIDs, oral steroids, narcotic drugs, muscle relaxants, and anti-depressants. Each type of medication has strengths, limitations, and risks, and the patient’s particular problem in the lower back and overall health will determine which pain reliever, if any, is indicated.

Heat or ice. Application of a cold pack or heating pad can help relieve low back pain. Some people find that alternating between the two works best.

Manual manipulation. This treatment may be applied by a chiropractor, osteopathic doctor, or other qualified health professional. It is thought to help relieve lower back pain by reducing pressure on sensitive structures, increasing flexibility, improving blood flow and reducing muscle tension.

Therapeutic massage. Massage therapy is thought to improve blood flow, reducing muscle stiffness, and decrease stiffness.

Exercise. A program of back exercises and physical therapy will usually include a combination of strengthening, stretching, and low-impact aerobic exercise.

Epidural injections. An epidural injection into the spine delivers steroids that can provide lower back pain relief by decreasing inflammation in the painful area.

TENS units. These electrical devices are used to interfere with the transmission of pain signals sent to the lower back.

Lifestyle factors. Many lifestyle changes are also important in reducing lower back pain, such as quitting smoking, weight loss, activity modification, and improved ergonomics and posture.

For more information on treating back pain, contact Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingstown, RI.

Source: spine-health.com

Safely, Quickly and Effectively Treat Herniated Disc and Other Disc Issues

Joseph Coupal - Thursday, September 21, 2017
Comprehensive Pain Management - Disc-FX System

Disc-FX System safely, rapidly and effectively performs minimally invasive discectomy procedures for contained lumbar spine herniations. The innovative, patented design combines simple, intuitive function with precise surgical results.

  • Less invasive compared to traditional discectomy procedures
  • Minimum annulotomy reduces risk of herniation
  • Multi-functional therapeutic options; debulking, ablation and modulation
  • Manual excision of herniated nucleus through 3.0mm portal
  • Ablation and denervation achieved with use of this device

Safely, Rapidly and Effectively Treat Discogenic Pathologies

  • Manual excision of herniated nucleus
  • Less invasive incision compared to traditional disc procedures
  • Reduces risk of reherniation
  • Multi-therapeutic options; nucleus decompression, nucleus ablation and annulus modulation

Multiple Treatment Options in one system:

  1. Nucleus Decompression/Discectomy
    • Grasping forceps are used to manually remove bulging nucleus material
    • Nucleus material can be collected and sampled for pathology. Doctors generally remove 1-2 grams of nucleus pulposus
  2. Nucleus Ablation
    • Nucleus Ablation can be performed by the device to further break down the nucleus, allowing free fragments to be removed manually via the grasping forceps
  3. Annulus Modulation
    • Due to the steerability of the device, the annular wall which contains pain receptors can be treated and annular fissures can be sealed

For more information on Disc FX to treat herniated discs, contact Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingstown, RI.

Source: elliquence.com

Pain Treatment Options

Joseph Coupal - Thursday, September 07, 2017
Comprehensive Pain Management in Franklin, MA

Pain can be a debilitating condition, but there are ways to keep it under control. Learn about different pain management options.

Whether your pain is from arthritis, cancer treatments, fibromyalgia, or an old injury, you need to find a way to get your pain under control. What's the best approach to do that?

The first step in pain management is scheduling an appointment with your doctor to determine the cause of your pain and learn which pain management approach is often the most effective for it. There are many different pain management options available: You can find the right treatment combination to get the relief you need.

Before you try to treat your pain, it's important to understand how pain is defined.

The International Association for the Study of Pain came up with a consensus statement. Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience. That's extraordinarily important. When we focus only on the sensory aspect, we fail to appreciate the suffering component of the pain, which is important to recognize because pain is not what occurs at the periphery.

Pain is real and it's physical — there's no mistaking that. But pain is measured and specific to one person based on that person's perception of the pain, and that's why everyone's pain is different.

What the brain perceives is indisputably modifiable by emotions. That means that people who are fearful of pain, depressed, or anxious may experience pain differently and perhaps more severely, than someone who has pain but isn't experiencing those other emotions.

It is important to approach pain both physically and emotionally and to address people as entire human beings. So while chronic pain medication can be effective and important for pain management for many people, it isn't the only tool available when it comes to pain treatment and it shouldn't be the only tool that's used.

Medications. There are a lot of medications that are prescribed for pain, although opioids (narcotics) and benzodiazepines may not be the best options.

Types of chronic pain medication used include:

  • NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), including ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin
  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  • Antidepressants, which can improve sleep and alleviate pain
  • Anti-seizure medications, which can be effective in treating pain related to nerve damage or injury
  • Steroids, like dexamethasone and prednisone, to alleviate inflammation and pain

Therapy. Therapy can be aimed at both the mind and the body. Therapies should not be purely physical or purely psychological — it should always be a mixture of both of those things.

Physical therapy is a very important part of any pain management program. Pain can be worsened by exercise that isn't done correctly (or interpreted incorrectly as pain rather than overuse), and a physical therapist can tailor the right exercise regimen for you. Proper exercise slowly builds your tolerance and reduces your pain — you won’t end up overdoing it and giving up because it hurts.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy allows people to learn and have a better understanding of what the pain is from, and what they can do about it. This therapy is really about understanding the role of pain in your life and what it actually means for you.

Other pain management options. A variety of approaches and modalities can help you deal with both the physical and emotional parts of pain:

  • TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) therapy
  • Meditation
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Visual imagery, as simple as picturing a peaceful scene, for example
  • Biofeedback, which teaches control over muscle tension, temperature, heart rate and more
  • Heat and cold therapy
  • Manipulation and massage

The bottom line: Seek help for your pain as soon as it becomes a problem in your life. We aren't guaranteed lives without pain. But when chronic pain starts to destroy your ability to function in the world, then it's a problem that needs to be addressed.

For more information on pain management, contact Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingstown, RI.

Source: everydayhealth.com

What is Pain Management?

Joseph Coupal - Thursday, August 17, 2017
Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingston, RI

Pain management can be simple or complex, depending on the cause of the pain. An example of pain that is typically less complex would be nerve root irritation from a herniated disc with pain radiating down the leg. This condition can often be alleviated with an epidural steroid injection and physical therapy. Sometimes, however, the pain does not go away. This can require a wide variety of skills and techniques to treat the pain.

These skills and techniques include:

  • Interventional procedures
  • Medication management
  • Physical therapy or chiropractic therapy
  • Psychological counseling and support
  • Acupuncture and other alternative therapies; and
  • Referral to other medical specialists

All of these skills and services are necessary because pain can involve many aspects of a person's daily life.

How is pain treatment guided?

The treatment of pain is guided by the history of the pain, its intensity, duration, aggravating and relieving conditions, and structures involved in causing the pain. In order for a structure to cause pain, it must have a nerve supply, be susceptible to injury, and stimulation of the structure should cause pain. The concept behind most interventional procedures for treating pain is that there is a specific structure in the body with nerves of sensation that is generating the pain. Pain management has a role in identifying the precise source of the problem and isolating the optimal treatment.

For more information on pain management, contact Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingstown, RI.

Source: medicinenet.com

Spinal Cord Stimulation Relieves Back Pain

Joseph Coupal - Thursday, July 13, 2017
Franklin Pain Center Spinal Cord Stimulation

Doctors who treat patients suffering from back pain are exploring new approaches that help some patients avoid opioid drugs. The highly addictive prescription painkillers are fueling an epidemic of abuse and overdose deaths. One opioid-free option involves stimulating the spinal cord with very short pulses of electricity. Patients can’t feel the electrical stimulation, yet it often effectively can mask the perception of pain.

Spinal cord simulation to relieve pain is not new. It first was introduced many years ago, but older stimulators produce a tingling sensation designed to replace pain with less unpleasant tingling. The newer, high-frequency spinal cord stimulators deliver more energy but without the tingling sensations. Pain specialists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis were involved in clinical trials of the new stimulation devices; in 2015, the FDA approved the devices as a treatment for back pain. Most but not all insurance plans cover treatment.

As many as one in three Americans suffer from low back pain. Its economic impact is greater than that of heart disease and cancer combined. Patients have many treatment options, but many don’t get relief after surgery or injections. Opioids can help some patients temporarily, and physical therapy also helps, but the new-generation stimulators fill an important niche, helping people return to normal activity without pain or the side effects that can result from opioids.

Deanna Conley, 77, has endured back pain for years. Despite multiple surgeries, she needed a wheelchair last fall to travel any significant distance. In addition, she began to worry about the number of pain pills she took each day. “I was supposed to take one hydrocodone pill at night before bed,” Conley said. “But it got to where I was taking two pills a day and then three, and I worried I might end up being a drug addict at 77.”

It was determined that she would be a good candidate for a high-frequency stimulator. Studies have shown the devices may be more effective in patients who have had previous back surgery but still have back pain. Research also indicates that although traditional stimulators work well when pain in the back is radiating into arms or legs, the high-frequency stimulators may be more effective when pain is located in the back itself. Traditional spinal cord stimulators provide a pleasant sensation in place of pain from sciatica problems or pain down the arm caused by cervical spine problems. But for people like Ms. Conley, who had already had back-fusion surgery and still had pain, those older devices often aren’t as effective. Electrodes were inserted into the area of Conley’s back where her pain was most acute. The stimulator initially remained outside her back, but after doctors were able to verify that the approach was having an effect, a minimally invasive technique was used to implant the entire device into the lower part of her back.

In clinical studies, 75 percent of subjects treated with the high-frequency stimulators experienced reductions in pain of at least 50 percent after three months. Conley reported a 70 to 80 percent reduction in back pain almost immediately. She is able to walk without assistance for considerably longer distances than she could before the stimulator was implanted, and she even registered for an exercise class.

She’s receiving physical therapy and getting stronger now that she is able to use muscles she couldn’t use previously because of her back pain. It’s important that a team approach involving doctors, physical therapists and psychologists is used to help people focus their thoughts on things other than their pain. Even when a device like this reduces pain, there still is muscle weakness to overcome, so patients need physical therapy to get stronger, to make sure they’re walking correctly and to focus on core stabilization to keep the pain in check.

Not long ago, we thought of pain as a symptom of some other underlying disease process. Now we’re learning that pain also may be a disease itself. And in this time of opioid abuse, we must be vigilant in insisting that pain-killing drugs aren’t overused. Some patients benefit from opioids, but other interventions, combined with a multidisciplinary approach to care, may provide pain management without the side effects and risks associated with opioids.

For more information on a team approach to pain management or for more information on spinal cord stimulation, contact Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingstown, RI.

Source: medicine.wustl.edu

Know Your Pain Treatment Options

Joseph Coupal - Thursday, June 15, 2017
Comprehensive Pain Management Pain Treatment Options

Pain can be a debilitating condition, but there are ways to keep it under control. Learn about different pain management options.

Whether your pain is from arthritis, cancer treatments, fibromyalgia, or an old injury, you need to find a way to get your pain under control. What's the best approach to do that?

The first step in pain management is scheduling an appointment with your doctor or pain treatment center to determine the cause of your pain and learn which pain management approach is often the most effective for it. There are many different pain management options available: You can find the right treatment combination to get the relief you need.

Before you try to treat your pain, it's important to understand how pain is defined.

Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience. When doctors focus only on the sensory aspect, they fail to appreciate the suffering component of the pain, which is important to recognize because pain is not what occurs at the periphery.

Why Do People Experience Pain Differently?

Pain is real and it's physical — there's no mistaking that. But pain is measured and specific to one person based on that person's perception of the pain, and that's why everyone's pain is different.

What the brain perceives is indisputably modifiable by emotions. That means that people who are fearful of pain, depressed, or anxious may experience pain differently and perhaps more severely, than someone who has pain but isn't experiencing those other emotions.

Pain Management: Treating Mind and Body

It is important to approach pain both physically and emotionally and address "people as entire human beings.” So while chronic pain medication can be effective and important for pain management for many people, it isn't the only tool available when it comes to pain treatment and it shouldn't be the only tool that's used.

There are a lot of medications that are prescribed for pain, although opioids (narcotics) and benzodiazepines may not be the best options. Those treatments have their own problems, and there are no good studies on using opioids for long periods of time for the treatment of chronic pain.

Types of chronic pain medication used include:

  • NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), including ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin
  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  • Antidepressants, which can improve sleep and alleviate pain
  • Anti-seizure medications, which can be effective in treating pain related to nerve damage or injury
  • Steroids, like dexamethasone and prednisone, to alleviate inflammation and pain
Therapy.

Therapy can be aimed at both the mind and the body. Any of these therapies should not be purely physical or purely psychological — they should be a mixture of both of those things.

Physical therapy is a very important part of any pain management program. Pain can be worsened by exercise that isn't done correctly (or interpreted incorrectly as pain rather than overuse), and a physical therapist can tailor the right exercise regimen for you. Proper exercise slowly builds your tolerance and reduces your pain — you won’t end up overdoing it and giving up because it hurts.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy allows people to learn and have a better understanding of what the pain is from, and what they can do about it. This therapy is really about understanding the role of pain in your life and what it actually means for you.

Other pain management options.

A variety of approaches and modalities can help you deal with both the physical and emotional parts of pain:

  • TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) therapy
  • Meditation
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Visual imagery, as simple as picturing a peaceful scene, for example
  • Biofeedback, which teaches control over muscle tension, temperature, heart rate and more
  • Heat and cold therapy
  • Manipulation and massage
  • Professional Pain Management Treatments

The bottom line: Seek help for your pain as soon as it becomes a problem in your life. When chronic pain starts to destroy your ability to function in the world, then it's a problem that needs to be addressed.

For more information on chronic pain management, contact Comprehensive Pain Management in South Kingstown, RI

Source: everyday health